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History and Culture

History and Culture

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Përmet

 

 

Historically Përmet was known by the name “Tryfilia” and was part of “Melotid  Area”. Përmet took its name from a hero named Premt whose story has been handed down  generation after generation. This hero decided to throw himself off the “ City Stone” ( a very large stone located in the center of the city) rather than die at the hands of the enemy. One of the most special characteristics of this city are the many roses which are found throughout  the town and historic houses. This is why, years ago, this city was called “The City of Roses”. According to historic Turkish data from the 15th and 16th centuries, the city was created as an administrative center, and was a rich locality with markets, bars, stores and inns. This area was a commercial center. Other historic Turkish data, from the years 1431 - 1432, indicate that the city had 42 houses;  in 16th century the city had as many as 136 houses. In 1938 Përmet had 3000 inhabitants and 104 villages. Although during the Second World War the city was burned several times. Përmet is located about 30 km from the border with Greece, 240 meters above sea level with a surface area of 120 hectare, of which 99.000 m² are green area. This quiet city, that today includes 12.000 inhabitants, was considered the unofficial capital during the communist regime. Përmet has a beautiful square in the center of town dedicated to the Albanian hero and diplomat - Abdyl Frashëri. Here there is also a statue of  socialist realism that represents the unidentified soldiers ( It is a work of the Albanian sculptor Odhise Paskali ). Përmet has always played an important role in  Albanian politics. In 1944  the Congress of Përmet was held here,  creating the provisional government which gave way to the communist regime. One of the most amazing buildings in Përmet is the Church of St. Nikola. Although a major part of this large building was destroyed during the atheistic campaign of the communist regime, elemntes of its perfect construction are still evident.


 

 

Frashër

Frashër , birthplace of the famous brothers Abdyl, Naim and Sami, is located about 40 km from Permet in the interior of the National Park “Bredhi i Hotovës. In 19th century this  was a considerably large village, with  22 neighborhoods. The home of the Frashëri brothers is still found in this village, and  today is a museum. There museum includes photos and maps,  objects of the area, photos and paintings that represents different and important moments of their history.

 

 


Leusë

Leusë is a small village located a few kilometers from Permet, and is composed of  several houses made from stones. This is also to locationof  the Church of St. Maria, a real artistic jewel. This church has amazing murals dating from the Byzantine - Erawhich are a very good representation of  Byzantine religious art.  

 


Mountain chain Trebeshinë - Dhëmbel – Nëmëreçkë

This mountain chain is a beautiful tourist attraction for climbing, picnics, walking etc. These mountains have wonderful panoramic views in every season of the year: in winter there is snow everywhere, and in the spring, summer and autumn  the colors are amazing.

 


Thermal waters of Bënjë

One of the most precious natural resources  are the thermal waters of Bënjë, found in a village located about 8 kilometers from Përmet. The Ottoman Bridge of Katiu is the frame of this wonderful place and lies over the Langarica’s river. This river forms a splendid Canyon that  can be visited during the summer. These thermal waters are totally natural and forms 6 beautiful small natural pools. Each pool can be used for the treatment of different ailments such as: rheumatism, dermatological illness, acne, osteoporosies, gastritis etc. The water temperatures range from 25°C - 28°C. One of these pools has a kind of clay that can be used for  skin treatments. This place is visited by many Albanian and foreign tourists. Passing the bridge of Katiu, visitors can walk through the Canyon until the Bridge of Dashi ( an amazing place made of stone, 30 meters wide and 15 meters long); historically these  caves  where home to ascetic  monks. Also found here is the Cave of Pigeon, a prehistoric residence.




National Park of Bredhi i Hotovës

The National Park of Bredhi I Hotovës is considered the "Natural Lungs" of  southern Albania. With a surface area of 1200 hectares and located 900 meters above  sea level, this park has an amazing biodiversity mostly composed of Macedonian pine, oaks, white juniper, black juniper and raspberries. This park is one of the most beautiful natural resources in Albania and offers amazing surprises in each season of the year. The National Park of Bredhi I Hotovës is one of the most protected parks allover Albania. It is also  considered the "Mediterranean Green Lung" and is the biggest in the Balkans. It has been a touristic place for many years.  

 

 

Regarding  fauna, the park has a wide variety such as: wolves, wild pigs (boar), bears, foxes and rabbits; there is also a wide variety of birds such as: owls, partridges and eagle. National Park is in the area of Frashëri, about 35 kilometers from Përmet. The park lies along the valley of  Lumnica  up to the top of Kokojka mountain. The park can be reached using motor vehicle; however is in poor condition, so it is avisable to use of large cars for the mountain roads. Bredhi I Hotovës is under the administration of the Forest Directory in the District of Përmet and the entry fee is 100 Leke. The nearest villages that can be visited are: Frashër, Ogren, Hotovë, Borockë, Pagri, Kreshovë and Suropull. In these villages visitors can taste different traditional dishes and the famous “raki”.


 

The Gorge of Këlcyra

This beautiful and uniqe place is found along the  Vjosa river, about 1 kilometres  between two mountains. The area has  many springs which flow to create extremely beautiful waterfalls along the gorge. Leaving this gorge[C31]  there is a small residential center called Kelcyre. The origin of this city is from a small Illyrian village, dating back to the  5th Century BC. About 1 kilometre from Këlcyrë, on the top of Dhëmbel mountain,  Cave of Petranik is located; tha cave is 300 meters deep.



 

 

Architecture

There are some characteristic elements of architecture of this District, such as : the roads construct ed with lime - stones and river stones. Historically, every road had a center canal for  water, and almost every day, this was used to clean  roads, house entries and gardens. Another interesting elemnt is the 19th  century buildings, which were two - story buildings with large wedding halls. Some of these buildings can be found in villages such as: Novoselë, Shqeri, Cerje and Dangëlli.

 

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